India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F09) successfully launched the 2230 kg South |Asia Satellite (GSAT-9) into its planned Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
- Data from GSAT-9 will be shared with Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
- It was also offered to Pakistan, which turned it down and India is also working with Afghanistan but a deal has still not be ironed out.
- At least one transponder of this satellite will be available to the participating countries, which will help them connect with each other.
- The satellite also has the capability to provide secure hot lines among the participating nations in addition since the region is highly prone to earthquakes, cyclones, floods, tsunamis.
- The South Asia Satellite is India’s plan to counter China’s growing influence on its neighbours.
About the satellite
- South Asia Satellite is a geosynchronous communications and meteorology satellite
- The 2230-kg satellite’s main structure is cuboid in shape, built around a central cylinder with a mission life of more than 12 years.
- The South Asia Satellite is now orbiting the Earth with a perigee (nearest point to Earth) of 169 km and an apogee (farthest point to Earth) of 36,105 km with an orbital inclination of 20.65 deg with respect to the equator.
- This is the fourth consecutive success achieved by GSLV carrying indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage.
- 49 metres tall and weighing around 450 ton, the GSLV is a three stage rocket.
- The first stage is fired with solid fuel, the second with liquid fuel and the third is the cryogenic engine.
Source : The Hindu
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