Asmara and Hoh Xil in world heritage list of UNESCO

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UNESCO declared the Hoh Xil nature reserve in China’s Qinghai Province a natural heritage site and the Eritrean capital of Asmara has been listed as a Unesco world heritage site.

Eritrean Capital Asmara

  • Asmara is the capital city of Eritrea, a country in the Horn of Africa.
  • Asmara is a former Italian colony .Eritrea
  • Architects whose designs were unwelcome in conservative European cities found a place in Asmara at a time when about half of the city’s population was Italian and the city was known as Piccola Roma or Little Rome.
  • Modernist architecture of other Eritrean cities was destroyed during a decades-long war of liberation from Ethiopia, Asmara’s survived and was declared a national monument by the government in 2001.

Eritrea : Border with Sudan in the North-West, Ethiopia in the South and Djibouti in the South East. Coastal Border with Red Sea in the East.

China’s Hoh Xil

  • Hoh Xil nature reserve, an isolated region in the northwestern part located on the china Hoh XilQinghai-Tibet Plateau, is home to over 200 animal species.
  • More than 20 of them are state-protected, including the Tibetan antelope.
  • It is China’s largest world natural heritage site, covering an area of 45,000 sq. kilometers

Decision challenged by pro-Tibet activists : Giving Hoh Xil heritage status could have consequences for Tibet including the displacement of Tibetan nomads from their land.


Source : The Hindu

Prelims : Paper 1

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