Reports of outbreak of goat pox in Kerala and experts have demanded restriction on goat trade from other affected States.
- Variola caprina (Goat Pox) is a contagious viral disease caused by a pox virus that affects goats.
- The virus usually spreads via the respiratory system, and sometimes spreads through abraded skin.
- It is most likely to occur in crowded stock. Sources of the virus include cutaneous lesions, saliva, nasal secretions and faeces.
- The incubation period is usually between 8–13 days, but it may be as short as 4 days.
Measures to be done
- Healthy animals should be vaccinated against goat pox.
- Trading of animals from affected areas need to be discouraged.
- Antibiotics can be given to control secondary bacterial infection.
- All goat farmers need to take measures to control this epidemic which will affect the productivity and make goat rearing unsustainable.
Source : The Hindu
GS III : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources