New campaign titled ‘Darwaza Band’ to promote toilet use and freedom from open defecation across the country’s villages. The campaign produced by the MDWS under Swachh Bharat Mission was launched.
- Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) launches a fresh national campaign led by Amitabh Bachchan.
- Darwaza Band’ campaign has been supported by the World Bank and is being rolled out countrywide immediately after the launch.
- It is designed to encourage behaviour change in men who have toilets but are not using them.
- Communication campaigns have been taken up both, at the central and State levels, for promoting sustained use of toilets and for sustaining the Open Defecation Free status.
Source : PIB
GS II : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Public Affairs Index (PAI) for the year 2017 has been released which aims to rank the states of India objectively in the field of governance based on various focus subjects and indicators. iT is an initiative of the Public Affairs Committee (PAC).
Performance of various states
- Kerala and Tamil Nadu – secured first and second rankings for the second year.
- Gujarat gained two positions rising from five in 2016 to three in 2017 in public affairs index (PAI).
- Karnataka slipped from third position in 2016 to fourth in 2017 while Maharashtra stood fifth (4th in 2016) in governance indicators.
- Last four positions among large States. Like in the previous year, Bihar (18th), Jharkhand (17th), Odisha (16th) and Assam (15th)
- Among 12 small States (population less than two crore), Himachal has wrested the first rank, followed by Goa and Mizoram.
- Delhi from third position in 2016 to 9th position in 2017.
- Meghalaya (12th), Arunachal Pradesh (11th) and Jammu Kashmir (10th) are at the bottom of the table.
- Bihar (18th), Jharkhand (17th), Odisha (16th) and Assam (15th) are at the bottom of the table.
- Infrastructure : Punjab is the best performer among all States, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat secured second, third and fourth positions, respectively.
- Human Development : Kerala, Maharshtra, and Punjab are top of the table while Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Assam are the worst performers.
- Implementation of social protection policies : Kerala, Assam and Madhya Pradesh secured top three ranks in , while Telangana, Haryana and Punjab are lagging in execution of various State and Central government schemes.
- Women and children : Kerala topped the list followed by Odisha and Karnataka while Jharkhand, Haryana and Maharashtra are poor performers.
- Tamil Nadu secured first rank in maintaining law and order, delivery of justice and environment categories and secured last rank in transparency and accountability in the administration.
- Fiscal Management Telangana is the best performer while Andhra Pradesh secured last rank.
- Economic freedom : Gujarat secured top rank while Bihar secured the last rank.
About the Report
- Public Affairs Centre (PAC) is a not-for-profit research think tank situated in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
- It works at improving the quality of governance in India.
- The institute conducts research activities in two major fields, public policy and participatory governance.
- The survey was based on 10 themes, 26 focus subjects and 82 indicators.
- Wide range of themes such as essential infrastructure, support to human development, social protection, women and children, crime, law and order, delivery of justice, environment, transparency and accountability, fiscal management and economic freedom.
- Public Affairs Index (PAI) is an attempt to bring together the states of the country which are culturally, economically and socially diverse, into a common data-driven framework, to facilitate an interstate comparison.
- A well-framed methodology backed by statistical data from government sources, have been included in the study to provide insights into the subject.
Source : The Hindu
GS II : Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
Need for index
Creation of a judicial performance index that could help High Courts and their chief justices keep track of the performance and processes at district courts and subordinate levels for reducing delay.
About the Index
- Proposed the introduction of a judicial performance index to reduce delays and the outsourcing of non-core functions of the police to private agencies or other government departments.
- Also NITI Ayog mooted changes in criminal justice and procedural laws, a repeal of all irrelevant legislation by March 2019 and reforms in land ownership laws — which account for 67% of litigants in civil suits.
- The index should be ‘the first step’ in judicial system reforms that Aayog its draft three-year action plan.
- The performance index for courts will entail fixing of non-mandatory time frames for different types of cases to benchmark when a case has been delayed.
- The index can also include certain progress on process steps already approved by High Courts and such an annual evaluation should give judges in High Courts a sense of where they are failing and what they need to fix.
Quality of policing
- To improve the quality of policing, create a task force to identify non-core functions that can be outsourced to private agents or government departments in order to reduce the workload of the police.
- United Nations norms of 222 per lakh population not yet reached.
- India’s police to population ratio should reach to 222 per lakh, over the next seven years from the current level of 137.
- Red-flagging the adverse implications of crimes against women beyond the obvious horror for affected individuals.
- Aayog has proposed to push for greater hiring of women in the police force, with a target of 30% of all new recruits.
Source : The Hindu
GS II ; Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government
Government committee has recommended unique identification numbers for cows as one way to prevent their trafficking, according to documents filed by the central government with the Supreme Court.
About the recommendation
- Unique ID will contain details of the cattle’s age, breed, sex, height, body colour, horn type, tail switch and special marks, according to the panel set up by the home ministry.
- In the case of milch cattle, it will also have the lactation profile.
- This ID will take the form of a polyurethane tag.
- Registration proof must be maintained by the owner of the cattle which may be transferred to the next owner in case a legitimate sale/transfer takes place.
- The panel also recommended maintaining state- and national-level registries of cattle and prohibiting livestock markets within a 20km radius of the international border with Bangladesh.
- It is an attempt to increase the productivity of the country’s dairy industry also helps to curb cattle smugling.
Committee was set up in response to a 2015 public interest litigation seeking the apex court’s intervention on smuggling of cows to Bangladesh from the border states.
Source : Live Mint
GS III : Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability