PM Narendra Modi, released the holy Vachanas of Basavanna, translated into 23 languages, and addressed an event to mark the inauguration of Basava Jayanthi 2017, and Golden Jubilee Celebration of Basava Samithi.
- Basava Jayanthi is traditionally observed by the Lingayats and is observed as a holiday in the Indian state of Karnataka.
- It marks the birthday of Basavanna, 12th-century poet-philosopher, and the founding saint of the Lingayat religion.
- Government of Maharashtra and Karnataka declared Government Holiday on Basava jayanti.
- Basavanna who established spiritual democracy called “Anubhava Mantapa” in the 12th century in India.
- Anubhava Mantapa which is also called as the “FIRST PARLIAMENT CONCEPT OF THE WORLD”.
- It gave practical solutions to all kind of problems mankind was suffering at that time.
Lingayatism is a version of Shaivite religious tradition in India. Its worship is centered on Hindu god Shiva as the universal god in the iconographic form of Ishtalinga. The adherents of this faith are known as Lingayats. Lingayatism was founded by the 12th-century philosopher and statesman Basava and spread by his followers, called Sharanas.
Source : Pib
GS II : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Historic Channakeshava temple in Belur — a masterpiece of Hoysala architecture — has turned 900 this year.
- The Channakeshava temple was built between 1106 and 1117.
- It was commissioned by Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana.
- The temple is regarded as architecture in the typical Hoysala style.
- It commemorates the king’s victory in 1104 and after winning a war in 1104, Vishnuvardhana took up construction of the temple, and according to an inscription, the temple was ready by March 1117.
- Belur, along with Halebid, is proposed as a UNESCO heritage site.
- Belur is 40 kilometres from Hassan city.
- Style developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire between the 11th and 14th centuries, in the region known today as Karnataka, a state of India.
- Large and small temples built during this era remain as examples of the Hoysala architectural style, including the Chennakesava Temple at Belur, the Hoysaleswara Temple at Halebidu, and the Kesava Temple at Somanathapura
- A negligible Indo-Aryan influence while the impact of Southern Indian style is more distinct.
- Vishnuvardhana (1108–1152 CE) was a king of the Hoysala Empire in what is today the modern state of Karnataka, India.
- He ascended the Hoysala throne after the death of his elder brother Veera Ballala I in c.1108.
- He was a follower of Jainism and known as Bitti Deva, he came under the influence of the Hindu philosopher Ramanujacharya, converted to Hindu Vaishnavism and took the name “Vishnuvardhana”.
- Vishnuvardhana took the first steps in creating an independent Hoysala Empire in South India through a series of battles against his overlord, the Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI, and the Chola Empire to the south.
Source : The Hindu, Wikipedia
GS I : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times