Why in News ?
In Chhattisgarh, where 25 personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force were killed by Naxals last month. Centre will begin work on a ₹11,000-crore project to provide road connectivity to 44 Naxal-affected districts, including Sukma in Chhattisgarh, which had recently witnessed one of the deadliest Maoist attacks.
Details of the aid
- 11,000-crore project to 44 Naxal-affected districts.
- To improve rural road connectivity in the Left Wing Extremism affected districts, under the centrally-sponsored “Road Connectivity Project for LWE Affected Areas” scheme.
- Five per cent of the total project cost i.e. ₹550 crore will be kept aside for administrative expenses including for deployment of security forces at strategic locations.
- The project will be implemented under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana in the districts that are critical from a security and communication point of view.
- There will be construction or upgradation of 5,411 km of roads and 126 bridges.
- Out of these 44 districts, the maximum are in Chhattisgarh
- Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra are the other States that will be covered under the scheme.
Source : The Hindu
GS III : Linkages between development and spread of extremism
Hospitals, major companies and government offices have been hit by a massive wave of cyberattacks across the globe that seize control of computers until the victims pay a ransom.
About the attack
- More than 75,000 ransomware attacks in 99 countries, making it one of the broadest and most damaging cyberattacks in history.
- The ransomware called WannaCry locks down all the files on an infected computer and asks the computer’s administrator to pay in order to regain control of them.
- Ransomware worm that stopped car factories, hospitals, shops and schools in more than 100 countries.
- The country most affected by WannaCry is UK, where 48 of the 248 National Health Service trusts were impacted, causing widespread disruption to health services in the country.
Alert from GOI
The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In), the central agency coordinating efforts on cyber security issues, has issued a critical alert and has advised the installation of relevant patches to protect against any data breaches. WannaCry malware, according to CERT-In, spreads by using a vulnerability in implementations of Server Message Block in systems running Microsoft’s Windows operating system.
Source : HT
GS III : Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security.
Union government is considering a proposal to make money laundering a separate criminal offence. It will be investigated by the Enforcement Directorate, irrespective of a probe by other agencies.
How it help ?
- This will facilitate quick action against those indulging in money laundering.
- Special Investigation Team (SIT) on black money has also been of the view that money laundering investigations by the Enforcement Directorate should be allowed without any dependence on registration of cases by other police agencies.
- Money laundering cases depends on that of the probe and prosecutions in predicate offences pursued by primary agencies.
- Registration of cases by other police agencies under the legal provisions listed in the schedule of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) is needed.
Investigation in other countries
- Money laundering in itself has been defined as a criminal offence in several countries.
- There are separate legislation for dealing with funds generated through activities like drug trafficking or terror financing.
- The United States has very stringent laws to check money laundering.
In United Kingdom police have to prove predicate offence through circumstantial evidence, linking it to the funds generated and laundered.
U.K. agencies are not required to wait for the outcome of investigations into the predicate offence.
Need for nation
Certain restrictions on money laundering investigations on several occasions cause impediments in taking the cases to their logical conclusion. It will allow investigation agency without any dependence on registration of cases by other police agencies.
Source : The Hindu
GS III : Money-laundering and its prevention
Young girls, teens have become the new face of protests in Kashmir, adding a new dimension to the violence and brutal retaliation government forces. The students were protesting against the assault of students of Government Degree College Pulwama by security forces and manhandling of students during Valley-wide protests. Student protests have become a new challenge for the administration in Kashmir where the law and order situation has gone downhill after the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen militant Burhan Wani last summer.
Women Force against protest
- To counter women stone throwers, the Centre plans to raise an all women India Reserve Battalion (IRB) in Jammu and Kashmir.
- The Centre has also given directions to the State government to not use Special Police Officers at the houses of politicians and other government officials and to use them in active policing instead.
- The decisions were taken at a meeting to review various developmental and infrastructure projects in the State.
- The cost of raising each battalion is around ₹61 crore, and 75% of the expenditure will be borne by the Centre.
- IRB personnel are normally deployed in their respective States but they can be sent elsewhere if required.
- ₹80,000 crore development package announced by Prime Minister in 2015, around ₹19,500 crore has already been released for various projects.
- The package has been sanctioned for 63 projects concerning 15 central ministries.
- Centre also asked the J&K government to build as many football fields and sports facilities as possible in rural Kashmir to engage the youth.
- IRBs are being raised to provide jobs to the local youths with 60% of the vacancies to be filled with candidates from the border districts.
Source : The Hindu
GS III : Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism