Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary star tortoises

Project of the Kerala Forest Department at the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) to rehabilitate Indian star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) seized from smugglers has turned into a major success. This makes the CWS the only rehabilitation centre for star tortoises in the country.

Indian Star Tortoise

  • Indian star tortoise (Geochelone elegans) is a threatened species of tortoise found in dry areas and scrub forest in India and Sri Lanka.tortoise
  • The main reason for threaten is the exotic pet trade.
  • They range from India,  extending west to Sindh province (Pakistan), and Sri Lanka.
  • Indian star tortoises are considered auspicious for gaining wealth.
  • It is the reason why Indian star tortoises, which are protected under the Wildlife Act, are poached and smuggled.

Rehabilitation of tortoises

  • CWS is the only place in Kerala where star tortoises are known to occur in the wild.
  • Sanctuary is now a haven for at least 450 such tortoises seized from poachers in less than two years.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS)

  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) is located in the Idukki district of Kerala state.
  • It is one of twelve wildlife sanctuaries among the protected areas of Kerala.
  • The Chinnar and Pambar rivers are the major perennial water resources in the sanctuary.

Source : The Hindu

General Information



India : world’s fifth largest military spender

India’s military expenditure grew around 8.5 per cent in 2016, making it the world’s fifth largest spender at $55.9 billion, figures released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) revealed.

Key Facts

  • The US remains the world’s largest military spender registering a growth of 1.7 per cent between 2015 and 2016 to $611 billion.
  • China is second $215 billion an increase of 5.4 per cent, Russia increased its spending by 5.9 per cent to $69.2 billion at third largest spender, Saudi Arabia, the third largest spender in 2015, dropped to the fourth position in 2016 with its spending dropping by 30 per cent in 2016 to $63.7 billion.
  • Four others in the top 15 spenders include China, Japan, South Korea, Australia.
  • Last year’s global military spending accounted for 2.2 per cent of the worldwide GDP.
  • In Asia and Oceania, military expenditure rose by 4.6 per cent in 2016.
  • Pakistan does not figure in the top 15 spenders, and spent $9.93 billion.

Source : ET

General Fact